7.1.13 CO2 Injection and Pore Space Regulations

LPDD Recommendation: “Congress could create a regulatory framework for offshore CO2 sequestration.”

Ohio Rules on Carbon Injections

Established that the Division of Oil and Gas Resources Management has the authority to issue permits for underground injection of carbon dioxide for secondary or tertiary recovery of oil or natural gas.

Kansas Rules on Carbon Injections

Directed the Kansas Corporation Commission to develop specific regulations establishing requirements, procedures, and standards for the safe and secure injection of carbon dioxide.

Montana Rules Regarding Pore Space

Created a presumption that the surface owner of a property is also the owner of the subsurface geologic storage reservoir, and authorizes the state to unitize a subsurface reservoir for geologic storage of CO2 under certain conditions.

Wyoming Rules on Carbon Injections

Established a process for unitization, or pooling, of geologic sequestration sites. Delegated authority over injection of CO2 for sequestration and EOR to separate agencies.

Kentucky Rules Regarding Pore Space

Directed CO2 storage operators to make good faith attempts to acquire the rights to pore space needed for long-term storage, following which the state may order the pooling of the entire pore space to enable its use for CO2 storage.

Mississippi Rules Regarding Pore Space

Authorized the Mississippi Oil and Gas Board to approve the use of reservoirs for injection and storage of CO2 provided that a majority interest in the reservoir has provided its written consent.