3.3.4 Fuel Switching and Building Electrification

SMUD’s Avoided Carbon Metric for Efficiency

Sacramento Municipal Utility District has changed its energy-efficiency metric from avoided electricity consumption to avoided carbon dioxide emissions, which should incentivize building electrification.

Vermont’s Renewable Energy Standard

Requires utilities to reduce customers’ fossil fuel use through either electrification, efficiency, fuel switching, or storage. Requirement is 2% of a utility’s annual sales starting in 2017 and increasing by 0.67% annually, reaching 12% in 2032.