3.1 Lighting, Appliances, and Other Equipment (Ch. 9)

The DDPP reports call for major increases in building and equipment efficiency to reduce U.S. GHG emissions by at least 80 percent from 1990 levels by 2050. While the DOE efficiency standards program is one of the most successful U.S. energy-efficiency policies in driving energy savings, carbon reductions, and consumer savings, it will need to be made even stronger, and an integrated suite of additional and more ambitious energy-efficiency laws and regulations at the federal, state, and local level will be needed to meet the deep decarbonization challenge. Additional action from private actors, such as utilities and businesses, will also be necessary to drive energy-efficiency investments. The chapter discusses the various legal and policy pathways at the federal, state, and local levels to ensure that the energy efficiency of residential, commercial, and industrial products continues to improve at the scale and speed necessary to meet this “80% by 2050” goal.