8.3.2 Regulatory Approaches to Reducing Fluorinated Gases

LPDD Recommendation: “The federal government should quickly ratify the Kigali Amendment either through an Executive Order based on existing authority to regulate HFCs under Title VI of the CAA or formal advice and consent by the U.S. Senate.”

LPDD Recommendation: “States or the federal government should restrict use of HFCs in building efficiency programs.”

LPDD Recommendation: “Barring further action by EPA, Congress could pass legislation amending Title VI of the CAA to explicitly cover HFCs.”

LPDD Recommendation: “EPA could reduce national HFC emissions from do-it-yourself mobile air conditioning by amending its existing rules to adopt California’s deposit and recycling program. In the absence of EPA action, states may do the same.”

LPDD Recommendation: “EPA should ban the sale of small cans (< 2 pounds) of HFC-134a for do-it-yourself service on personal mobile air conditioning altogether and only allow sales of refrigerant to certified technicians employed in shops with appropriate leak-detecting, recovery, and disposal equipment.”

LPDD Recommendation: “EPA should initiate a new rulemaking to support its partially vacated 2015 Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) Rule.”

LPDD Recommendation: “State legislatures should adopt legislation mandating that state and local government agencies identify measures to reduce HFC emissions.”

The Montreal Protocol and Kigali Amendment

Legally mandates the phaseout of the production and use of controlled ozone-depleting substances, setting phaseout obligations on a strictly enforced schedule. Includes HFCs since 2016.

California Short-Lived Climate Pollutant Strategy

Calls for development of a comprehensive strategy to reduce short-lived climate pollutants, including methane. CARB’s strategy calls for significant decreases in emissions from dairy manure management.