6.3.1 Renewable Fuel Standards

LPDD Recommendation: “Congress should amend the RFS to move away from promoting cellulosic ethanol—for the reasons stated above— by reducing applicable ethanol blending volumes and increasing volume mandates for biomass-based diesel. Congress should reform the 2010 RFS to move from an absolute volume of mandated production to a percentage of final demand, which will be necessary as overall gasoline demand declines due to the improvements in the transportation sector. Congress should reform the RFS approach to include a multiplier for per-unit emissions reductions.”

EU Renewable Energy Directive

Dictates that member states must require fuel suppliers to supply a minimum of 14% of the energy consumed in road and rail transport by 2030 as renewable energy.

EU Fuel Quality Directive

Requires the road transport fuel mix in the EU to be 6% less carbon intensive by 2020, compared to a 2010 fossil diesel and gasoline baseline.

Federal Renewable Fuel Standard

Now includes mandatory thresholds for GHG reductions from qualifying biofuels based on life-cycle analysis, effectively shifting production away from corn-based biofuels.

Report, Reforming the Renewable Fuel Standard

Recommended sharply reducing the compliance costs of blending ethanol into E10; promoting sales of midlevel blends by removing regulatory roadblocks; and transforming the second-generation part of the RFS into a technology-pushing program.