4.2.9 Using EVs as a Grid Resource

New York’s EV and EV Supply Equipment Proceeding

Public Service Proceeding to consider the role of electric utilities in providing infrastructure and rate designs to accommodate the needs and electricity demands of EVs and EV supply equipment.

Hawaii Vehicle-to-Grid Study

Concluded that a simplistic approach where an EV is discharged and charged without consideration of battery degradation is not economically viable because of battery life implications, but an approach guided by a smart control algorithm might be.

Report, Critical Elements of Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) Economics

Surveys critical elements of V2G economics, including the elements and costs of a V2G system, V2G revenue-generating services and the business cases for providing these services, and real-world V2G applications.