4.2.5 Zero Emission Vehicles

LPDD Recommendation: “Congress should adopt a national ZEV mandate, to help ease the fleet transition towards electrification. Congress should clarify that states have authority to adopt their own more ambitious ZEV standards and are not preempted by any federal goals.”

LPDD Recommendation: “Congress should authorize NHTSA as well as EPA to adopt credit multipliers for fuel efficiency standards to encourage ZEV alternatives such as electrification.”

California’s ZEV Regulation and Other Participating States

California’s ZEV regulation requires automobile companies to produce a certain percentage of ZEVs for sale in California, while ten other states and DC have adopted the ZEV crediting requirements that California imposes on automakers.

Report on Colorado Zero Emission Vehicle Program

A 2019 study on the impacts of Colorado adopting ZEV standards in line with California’s ZEV regulation, finding that the program would save Coloradans up to $65 million annually by 2025, and up to $2.2 billion a year by 2040.